Postman Load Testing Tutorial

Many of today’s web services incorporate APIs (application programming interfaces), enabling the exchange of diverse information between systems. APIs serve as a robust connection between essential services and users. Like testing any crucial system component, assessing APIs is imperative. Employing third-party API testing tools such as Postman facilitates both manual and automated testing, encompassing API monitoring capabilities.

Postman is a widely acclaimed tool in the testing tools domain for validating API requests. While its adoption for general API testing is widespread, employing Postman for load testing is not as straightforward.

In this Postman load testing tutorial, we will cover what Postman is, Postman load testing and how to do load testing using Postman so that you can begin load testing with postman.

What Is Postman?

Postman is a popular collaboration platform and tool used by developers for testing, designing, and managing application programming interfaces (APIs). It provides a user-friendly interface that allows developers to create, send, and test HTTP requests, including those for RESTful APIs. Postman supports various HTTP methods, authentication mechanisms, and allows users to organize and automate their API testing workflows.

Postman is an API development tool used in the software development life cycle:

  • API development
  • API testing
  • API documentation

Postman offers more than just an API development environment; it can also function as a browser for requesting web pages. Additionally, Postman allows users to include scripts before sending a request and after receiving the response. Each request can be saved in a collection, which facilitates the execution of all requests in a specified order when needed.

Postman serves as a tool for API testing, verifying proper execution, and validating whether the API is appropriately retrieving, saving, or updating resources as intended. API testing is part of functional testing to ensure the basic API functionalities are working.

Postman is not a performance testing tool though. While you will be able to run small, controlled tests that give you API response times, it is different from running a test under real-world conditions. Postman does not allow you to put the API under any sort of real stress, so it is not a good indicator of how your API will respond when subjected to real users in a real-world scenario. Postman performance testing is the key to successful APIs and to be able to load and stress test your APIs for real-world scenarios, you need a load testing solution to help you. Tools like LoadView can fill that gap to provide your teams with a myriad of load testing features to ensure you are getting comprehensive metrics for your testing efforts.

Postman Features

Postman provides users with an extensive array of features, ranging from the Postman API and workflow controls to built-in monitors for regression testing, ensuring comprehensive API testing capabilities. Despite the multitude of features, there are a few core functionalities essential for every API tester. Let’s dive deeper into these key features.

  • Import Requests – Postman includes an import feature that allows users to paste raw CURL text, transforming it into a formatted request with details such as Request URL, headers, request body, query parameters, and authorization tokens.
  • Multiple Protocols and Support – Postman’s API client feature lets you send REST, SOAP, WSDL, and GraphQL requests.
  • Write Test Cases – You can write test cases to execute APIs and aid in response validation, including assertions for JSON/XML responses and verification of response codes.
  • Collections – Postman helps in the creation of collections, enabling the organization of APIs within a folder structure for distinct projects. It offers the capability to execute a collection, which subsequently runs all the APIs included in that specific collection.
  • JSON Schema Validation – JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) schema can be utilized to define the structure of requests and responses. This helps in organizing and structuring JSON content, enhancing its clarity and readability within Postman.
  • Use Environment and Dynamic Variables – In Postman, you can create variables, and these variables can be assigned different values. This proves useful when working with identical APIs across multiple real-world environments.
  • Convert API to Code – Postman allows the API request to be converted to code in all the prominent languages like JavaScript, Golang, Java, PHP, Python and many more.

Postman Load Testing Benefits

  • Performance Assessment: Load testing helps assess the performance of your APIs under various levels of concurrent user activity. It allows you to understand how your system handles increased loads and whether it meets performance expectations.
  • Scalability Testing: Postman’s load testing capabilities allow you to test the scalability of your API, helping you determine how well it can handle growing amounts of traffic and data.
  • Identifying Bottlenecks: Load testing helps identify potential bottlenecks or weaknesses in your API infrastructure. This information is crucial for optimizing and fine-tuning your system to ensure it can handle increased loads efficiently.
  • Stress Testing: Postman allows you to simulate stressful conditions by generating heavy loads on your API. This helps you understand the breaking points and limitations of your system, allowing you to make necessary improvements.
  • Concurrency Testing: Load testing in Postman enables you to test how well your API performs when multiple users are making requests simultaneously. This is important for applications that are expected to handle concurrent user interactions.
  • Cost-Efficiency: By identifying and addressing performance issues early in the development cycle, load testing with Postman can contribute to cost savings by preventing potential downtime or expensive fixes in production.

Load Testing with Postman using LoadView

When testing a back-end application, testing the functionality is a standard part of the process to ensure that things work as we had intended. Your applications will be utilized by many if not hundreds or thousands of users at the same time, so we also need to carry out performance testing to see how well they hold up to that traffic. We need to benchmark and validate the application with each application change.

In the scenario that you are using Postman to test your web API functionality and you need to generate load tests from the API call collections, you can opt to use a load testing tool like LoadView. LoadView provides real browser-based load testing for APIs, as well as web applications (external and internal), and websites and servers.

Postman Load Test Setup

We will take a step-by-step look on how to set up a web application load test for a Postman collection.

Step 1

Before we start, you need to export the Postman Collection. You can choose the option to Get Public link and can easily import it to LoadView.

  • Note: Make sure the Postman Collection uses local variables only since the environment variables are not stored in the collection.
Postman Collection Export

Step 2

Open the LoadView platform and select Create New load test.


Step 3

Here you will see the various load testing types that are available within LoadView.

Web apps, websites, and APIs. For our use case, you will select the Postman Collection option to start API tests.

Load testing type Postman

Step 4

A new window will open, and this is where you will need to import the exported Postman collection and click Create Device.

Postman Collection Request

Step 5

Once we have successfully created a device, you will see the Test Scenario screen, where you can set the Load Type. This differs based on the goal of your test.

  • Load Based Curve. This executes your load tests with a known number of users and raises traffic after set warmup time.
  • Goal-Based Curve. This testing configuration is employed when aiming to achieve the desired number of transactions per second for our specific API and when scaling up to the targeted concurrent users.
  • Dynamic based Curve. This configuration allows you to select dynamic values for the number of users, maximum users, and test duration. These settings can be adjusted in real-time during the test.
Postman Collection Load Types

Step 6

Once you have created a test scenario with a list of all your APIs, you can now execute your load and stress tests for your APIs.

After it runs the load test run, you will be provided with comprehensive reports, dashboards, and metrics that show how your API and systems performed under different loads.

Postman Collection Load Test Integration with Jenkins

Having explored the integration and execution of Postman collection load tests with LoadView, we can incorporate these tests into our CI/CD pipeline to receive consistent feedback and performance results.

LoadView offers seamless integration with Jenkins, facilitating the stress testing of websites, web applications, and APIs using concurrent connections in real browsers from a fully managed cloud environment. The LoadView plugin for Jenkins allows load testing of any new updates or additional features.

Let’s examine the steps employed for the Postman collection test scenario previously created in LoadView and how it integrates with Jenkins.

Step 1

To integrate the your tests with Jenkins, you would be using the same Postman test scenario from the previous section.

Step 2

Create a unique UID and copy the Integration UID. This will be used as a security token to integrate into Jenkins.

Postman Jenkins Integration UID

Step 3

The Test Scenario ID for our Postman collection can be found on the scenario setup page or on the Test History page (Test Manager > the test actions menu > History).

Postman Collection Test History

LoadView Plugin in Jenkins

To configure the LoadView plugin, follow these steps:

  1. Log into your Jenkins account.
  2. In Jenkins, go to Credentials > Add Credentials > LoadView Security Token (UID). Configure and validate the credentials.
    • Kind – LoadView Security Token (UID).
    • Scope – Select Global.
    • ID – Leave the default or specify a unique ID.
    • Description – Specify a unique description to distinguish the credentials.
    • UID – Paste the load testing web API UID from your LoadView account. Once the UID has been added, click Validate UID to make sure that Jenkins can access the LoadView API.
  3. Next, select a job and click Configure.
Jenkins LoadView Security Token

4. Go to Build > Post-build Actions > Add post-build action > LoadView-Run load test scenario. Specify the LoadView Stress Test settings for the build:

  • Credentials – Select the API key using the description.
  • Scenario ID – Paste the test scenario ID you want to use in the build. Copy the ID from the scenario page in LoadView.
  • Error Threshold – Specify an acceptable percentage of sessions with errors that occurred while testing (failed to access the target resource, no keywords/image found, etc.). If the percentage of error sessions is greater than the specified value, then the build will be marked as a failure in Jenkins.
  • Average Time – Specify a limit for an average response time measured during test execution. If the limit is reached, the build will be marked as a failure in Jenkins.

5. Click Save.

View LoadView Test Results

Finally, we have successfully integrated our Postman collection with Jenkins using LoadView. While our stress test is running, the status is displayed in the Jenkins Console Output in real-time mode.

Postman Jenkins Console Output
Postman Jenkins LoadView Test Performance Results

Conclusions: Load Testing Your API with Postman

In this guide, we covered how you can simulate concurrent users with your Postman collection using LoadView and how you can automate this step by using the Jenkins integration with LoadView. Recently, the tools needed to assess these applications have been streamlined, offering significant assistance in testing intricate systems reliant on both internal and external applications. This simplification aids in identifying bottlenecks and issues with greater clarity.

At LoadView, our objective is to serve as your partner for all your load testing efforts, supporting you at every development stage and addressing any level of complexity. Load testing doesn’t have to be complicated and LoadView’s platform makes the process of Load Testing your APIs easy. You can seamlessly integrate your Postman collection with LoadView to perform your load tests.

LoadView’s team of experts is available to support you and your team as you develop and enhance your load testing strategy, and you will find our platform is intuitive and easy to use even for non-technical users. LoadView offers real browser testing, point-and-click scripting, and comprehensive, readable reports that take the guesswork out of load testing and allow for effective collaboration across developer functions.

Start load testing your APIs today with LoadView. Sign up for the free trial and receive free load tests. Or sign up for one of our private demos with one of our performance engineers. Our engineer will walk you through the full LoadView platform, and we will show you how to integrate LoadView into Postman collections and automate the steps with Jenkins.

Take Your Concurrent User Testing to the
Next Level

Experience unparalleled features with limitless scalability. No credit card, no contract.